Specialists of the State Center of Virology and Biotechnology "Vector" (Novosibirsk Region, Koltsovo) found that Chaga, oyster mushrooms and some other tinders can be used for development of drugs against HIV.
Strains of these mushrooms demonstrated low toxicity and potent antiviral effect. During the study for the first time there had been found 82 strains isolated from 44 species of fungi growing in South-West Siberia. But it had been discovered that the most wide spectrum of antiviral activity was shown by a well-known chaga mushroom.
In Russia chaga as a remedy had been used already in the XVI century. All kinds of gastrointestinal diseases and tumors had been cured by using this incredilble mushroom. Chaga is the only fungus that has been introduced and registered in the Russian Pharmacopoeia book.
Overall, ten strains of siberian mushroomd showed expressed antiviral effect against the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), herpes simplex type 2, influenza and smallpox, said the press center of Koltsovo.
It is known that mushrooms are not to be collected if they grow near large cities. Mushrooms absorb harmful substances and can cause harm to human body, noted in the press center. Now they are trying to collect birch chaga in ecologically clean regions - for example, in the Altai. It is also possible to grow mushrooms in the form of biomass in the laboratory, and then use its active compounds for the production of drugs. But wild chaga mushroom is much more active substances than artificially grown. Ten Siberian mushroom strains is now available in a collection of "Vector". In the future, scientists suggest their use for the production of medicines and dietary supplements.
This is - a promising direction, consistent with global trends: for example, in Japan, 30 percent of the market of drugs related to the treatment of cancer is concentrated around the drugs derived from mushrooms. Work on the allocation of ten promising Siberian strains of fungi was carried out in the laboratory of mycology SSC "Vector", directed by the doctor of biological sciences Tamara Teplyakova. In 2008, the study of fungi South-Western Siberia began to carry her student Tatiana Kosogova.